Category: sex differences

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Too much of a good thing…

Posted by luno in philosophy and sex, sex differences, feminism, Moral Theory (Wednesday September 26, 2007 at 12:22 pm)
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Wolf does not consider moral perfection “a model of personal well-being.” She disagrees with the assumption “that one ought to be as morally good as possible.” Either we must make our ideals more “palatable” or, as she will argue, tinker with what we mean when we affirm a moral theory. She explores what is wrong with being a moral saint.

Persons with bodies and opinions

Posted by luno in philosophy and sex, rape, prostitution, sex differences, Deontology, Kant (Friday September 14, 2007 at 1:41 pm)
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O’Neill addresses the Kantian moral concepts of not treating others as means (i.e., using them) and treating them positively as persons, how these are related, and finally how “an adequate understanding of what it is to treat others as persons must view them not abstractly as possibly consenting adults, but as particular men and women with limited and determinate capacities to understand or consent to proposals of action.” The Kantian moral ideal so far as it has practical application must take account of human limitations.

“if the preference be natural, there can be no necessity for enforcing it by law”

Posted by luno in political philosophy, Mill, H. T., Freud, philosophy and sex, Mill, J. S., sex differences, feminism (Friday September 7, 2007 at 1:39 pm)
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Notes on Harriet Taylor Mill, The Enfranchisement of Women
[The essay first appeared in the Westminster Review (1851), then in 1868 in a pamphlet under her name, and in John Stuart Mill’s Dissertations and Discussions in 1875. After some confusion as to its authorship, J. S. Mill attributed the essay to Harriet Taylor (1807–1858). Mill elaborated […]

“The profoundest knowledge of the laws of the formation of character”

Posted by luno in political philosophy, philosophy and sex, sex differences, Mill, J. S., feminism (Friday August 31, 2007 at 12:27 pm)
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Notes on J. S. Mill, The Subjection of Women, chapter 1
[The “feeling” Mill addresses is that the legal subordination of women is somehow justified.]
…So long as opinion is strongly rooted in the feelings, it gains rather than loses instability by having a preponderating weight of argument against it. For if it were accepted as a […]

Helpmate or dead weight?

Posted by luno in political philosophy, philosophy and sex, sex differences, Mill, J. S., feminism (Friday August 31, 2007 at 11:18 am)
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Notes on J. S. Mill, The Subjection of Women, chapter 4
[All emphasis in the quoted passages is added by me.]
The self-worship of the monarch, or of the feudal superior, is matched by the self-worship of the male. Human beings do not grow up from childhood in the possession of unearned distinctions, without pluming themselves upon […]

Sex, Freud, and Weininger (Intro)

Posted by luno in philosophy and sex, Freud, sexualities, prostitution, motherhood, sex differences, marriage, Weininger (Monday August 13, 2007 at 1:50 am)
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Notes on Sigmund Freud, Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality
According Otto Weininger’s biographer, David Abrahamsen, Freud read an early draft of what later became Sex and Character. The encounter is also dramatized in Joshua Sobol’s play, Weininger’s Night.
—Editor’s note
 
xiii (Foreword by Nancy Chodorow)
Chodorow writes,
As someone who has written both appreciatively and critically about […]

Sex, Freud, and Weininger (i)

Posted by luno in sexualities, Freud, philosophy and sex, sex differences, Weininger (Sunday August 12, 2007 at 3:09 pm)
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Notes on Sigmund Freud, Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality
“The Sexual Aberrations”
7
In every normal male or female individual, traces are found of the apparatus of the opposite sex. These either persist without function as rudimentary organs or become modified and take on other functions.
These long-familiar facts of anatomy lead us to suppose that an […]

Sex, Freud, and Weininger (ii)

Posted by luno in sexualities, Freud, philosophy and sex, sex differences, Weininger (Saturday August 11, 2007 at 12:06 pm)
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Notes on Sigmund Freud, Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality
“Infantile Sexuality”
42
Of the third or fourth year of life:
It is during this period of total or only partial latency that are built up the mental forces which are later to impede the course of the sexual instinct and, like dams, restrict its flow—disgust, feelings […]

Sex, Freud, and Weininger (iii)

Posted by luno in sexualities, Freud, philosophy and sex, sex differences, Weininger (Friday August 10, 2007 at 12:51 pm)
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Notes on Sigmund Freud, Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality
“The Transformations of Puberty”
73
A normal sexual life is only assured by an exact convergence of the two currents directed towards the sexual object and the sexual aim, the affectionate current and the sensual one.
82
Freud’s anticipation of the discovery of sex hormones and how little adjustment […]

Types of integrity

Posted by luno in sex differences, Moral Consciousness, Deontology, Utilitarianism, feminism, Moral Theory (Thursday January 4, 2007 at 1:18 pm)
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Notes on Cheshire Calhoun,“Standing for Something.”
[Against the background of some contemporary conceptions of integrity as a virtue, Calhoun will argue that this virtue, whatever private merit it may have, is in the end a “master” social virtue not only because of its deployment of so many other virtues but because of its critical role in […]

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